An essential part of earning the trust of our customers is being transparent about the governmental requests we receive. To this end, Cloudflare is now publishing this complete Transparency Report on the governmental requests it has received to disclose information about our customers. The data is complete for 2013 and covers requests we have received, including requests related to our recent acquisition, StopTheHacker.
Cloudflare operates a global network and is thus extremely mindful of the responsibility that comes with that privileged position. It is Cloudflare's overriding privacy principle that any personal information you provide to us is just that: personal and private. We will not sell, rent, or give away any of your personal information without your consent. Our respect for our customer's privacy applies with equal force to commercial and to law enforcement requests.
Cloudflare's approach to law enforcement requests is that we are supportive of their work; however, any request we receive must strictly adhere to the due process of law and be subject to judicial oversight. It is not Cloudflare's intent to make law enforcement's job harder, nor easier. We respect the work they do and appreciate their assistance in protecting the rights of our customers. It is our policy to notify our customers of a subpoena or other legal process requesting their customer or billing information before disclosure of information. Cloudflare is not subject to foreign jurisdictions and only accepts requests in English from foreign law enforcement agencies that are issued via U.S. court either by way of a mutual legal assistance treaty (MLAT) or a letter rogatory.
If Cloudflare were asked to do any of the above, we would exhaust all legal remedies, in order to protect its customers from what we believe are illegal or unconstitutional requests.
The data below is presented as of December 31, 2013. So, for example, a request received in December 2013, but not processed until January 2014 will show as both "Requests received" and "Requests in process." Also, requests for which we are waiting for a response from law enforcement before moving forward may also be reflected in "Requests in process." The Total # of domains affected and the Total # of accounts affected refer only to requests which have been answered.
This category includes any legal process which does not have ex ante judicial review, including but not limited to grand jury subpoenas, US government attorney issued subpoenas, and case agent issued summonses.
Requests in process
Total # of domains affected
Total # of accounts affected
Cloudflare pushed back on 16 subpoenas, all of which were rescinded. In some instances, court orders were issued in lieu of the original subpoena and in other instances, Cloudflare was not able to provide any information.
This category includes any order issued by a judge or magistrate, including but not limited to 2703(d), 2705(b), and MLAT orders. Orders which may fall under a more specific category such as search warrants or pen register / trap and trace orders will be reported under the more specific category and not counted here.
For one of the court orders, Cloudflare was not able to provide any information.
This category includes only search warrants which require judicial review, probable cause, and inclusion of a location to be searched and a detail of items requested.
One search warrant was rescinded.
Cloudflare follows the principles laid out in U.S. v. Warshak and requires a valid search warrant before disclosing any customer content sought by law enforcement. Cloudflare is not a hosting provider or an email service provider and does not have customer content in the traditional sense. In the rare instances where law enforcement has sought content such as abuse complaints or support communications, Cloudflare has insisted on a warrant for those electronic communications. To date, we have received no such warrants.
This category includes only pen register/trap and trace orders issued by the court for real-time disclosure of non-content information, including IP address information.
What we can say in regard to national security orders is highly regulated. Recently, the Department of Justice and the Director of National Intelligence announced a change in the rules governing the disclosure of national security orders, including National Security Letters (NSLs) received by a company from the FBI. While an improvement, we still consider these new regulations to be an undue prior restraint on the freedom of speech. The DoJ and DNI now allow companies to disclose the number of NSLs and FISA orders as a single number in bands of 250, starting with 0-249.
National security orders received
Total accounts affected
Even assuming the high end of the range at 249 accounts affected, such national security orders would affect fewer than 0.02% of Cloudflare customer accounts.
Given the prominence of our global network, Cloudflare occupies a special position in the Internet at large. Cloudflare is extremely mindful of the position and the responsibilities our customers have placed on us through their trust.
The requests received, which were subject to legal process, affected fewer than 0.017% of the more than 2 million Cloudflare customer domains. Due to the prior restraint on free speech imposed by current law, this percentage does not include any domains that may have been subject to national security orders.
This report expands our initial Transparency Report, which was solely related to national security orders received. We will continue to publish this report on a semiannual basis. Please be advised that we may restate data as we go forward as more complete information becomes available or if we change our classifications. This page will always contain the most recent version of our Transparency Report. Archival reports will be available from this page and posted to our GitHub repo.